In some cities and towns all over the world, the high volume of traffic is a problem. When we see this situation in light of our country, it focuses on rapid growth of urbanisation and also the industrialisation. None of this can be curbed as the industrialisation is the hope of our future and urbanisation is the crippled political outcome.
Once, whenever we spoke about the traffic problems, the core discussed was about the air pollution and sound pollution. Nonetheless, the pollution remained as it is giving way to the other problems. This is due to the growth in population and the growing need of the changing times. The life style has changed. The social and economic standards of the citizens changed. The craze among youth on new vehicles have grown rapidly. Even, elders who once used bicycles and went on foot, now interested in vehicles. Vehicles are the symbols of social estate.
We have been introducing several measures to curb the traffic. Governments have educated the masses enough to use the public transport for several years, yet, it yielded no results. The reasons behind are varied but the impact of the rapid growing traffic has become challenging. The growing accidents on highways during nights are alarming.
We engineered the bridges, introduced the speed breakers and signalled every corner, the highways are broadened, yet the problem is invincible. What can be done to improve this situation? Now, the goal is not in the court of the government alone. The citizens should also be alert and contribute a little as the growing traffics result in traffic jams resulting a heavy loss of time on roads. This results on the commerce and economy of the nation as the trade too gets hindered.

1. What is the focus of the passage?
a) Accidents
b) Urbanisation
c) Pollution
d) Traffic and its effect
2. What did the government educate the masses about?
a) Growing accidents
b) Need to use public transport
c) Need to be cautious about pollution
d) Growing industrialisation
3. What is the cause of the high-volume traffic in light of the country ‘India’?
a) Ruralisation and population
b) Urbanisation and population.
c) Ruralisation and industrialisation
d) Urbanisation and industrialisation.
4. What is the hope of the country?
a) New Vehicles
b) Industrialisation
c) Commerce
d) Air pollution
5. Find out the synonym of the word ‘restraint’ from the given passage?
a) Curb
b) Hinder
c) Rapidly
d) Alarming

Answer key is appended at the end.

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

1. Answer Key : 1.d 2. b 3.d 4.b 5.a

I strongly disagree to the notion that the social networking sites have had a huge negative impact on both individuals and society. This is an archaic line of thought as, the recent times, after the pandemic, the entire world has witnessed the significance of the social media. Almost for a year when the world is locked in the houses in fear of the virus, it was the social media which connected us to the family and relatives. Even the one who is living far has took instructions from the doctors and near and dear through the social media.
Ever since the invention or discovery of new thing, for certain time it is usually believed that the entire human kind would shortly be enslaved by the latest inventories. People weren’t positive to the invention of a car or the invention of an aeroplane. It took a lot of time to let the nuance occupy the prominent space. Even social media was also received with such contempt. Nevertheless, now the world has seen the powerful and affectionate hand of the social media. Presently, it is the apple of the eye of every country. The social media is ruling the world of advertisements. It is the easiest way to get to the crowd and most affectionate way to tender the minds of the users. With just a click the messages reaches to millions. Now, even the Prime Minister of the country Mr. Modi tweets or shares his views on the worldly affairs through the social media. In certain places it is the social media which helped the police in reaching the accused or even the culprit.
Once, making a video is a very expensive and creative work which only a selected chunk would handle. Now, even the kids of grades 4 & 5 are able to make videos with the help of technology and they send it to their near and dear just with a click. How wonderful, it is to think that several people became celebrities just with a small fiber piece in their hands.

Any new idea is not immediately welcome, so is the case with the social media. Now, the day starts and ends with the sending a message or watching a show in YouTube. Sending a tweet or liking a picture in Instagram. Surfing the old pictures from the Google to uploading a selfie in Facebook. The times have changed, so we are. The mark of social media is evident even in the sector of education. Social media is the latest teacher. It repeats the same lesson without an ounce of difference and can teach the same topic without a minute of boredom. Its illustrations are so illustrious that they make a way to the heart and settles in the brain in a concrete picture.

1. What is the passage about?
a) Social media
b) Face book alone
c) Mr. Modi
d) Nuances
2. Find out the word which is similar in meaning to ‘important’. From the second paragraph.
a) Notion
b) Instruction
c) Archaic
d) prominence
3. What helped the people to turn into celebrities just over night?
a) By making videos
b) Social media
c) Hard work
d) None of the above
4. What is the fiber piece, which is referred in the article?
a) The social media
b) A toy
c) A Mobile
d) Tweeter
5. Find out the synonym of the word ‘admired’ from the last paragraph.
a) Illustration
b) Illustrious
c) Surfing
d) Ounce

Answer key is appended at the end of this post.

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

Answer Key : 1.a 2.d 3.a 4.c 5.b

                 CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

It is said that people should follow the customs and traditions when they start to live in a new country. Do you really agree to this? It is really difficult to come to a conclusion on this notion as, today, many Indians have settled abroad. From times immemorial we have foreign settlements in our mother land too. In places like Goa, Coorg, Assam we see a mixed culture of native Indians and foreigners who settled here. It is very difficult a task now to find out their origin also.
The saying goes as ‘Be a Roman in Rome’ refers to the importance of adapting yourself to the customs of the people who are in a certain place. Customs and traditions are age old practices which can’t be toppled in a day, at the same time, one can’t be conservative and follow it as it is. When we are the part of a new habitation, the first thing which gets affected is the language. To have a conversation with the people of the locality and get our things done, the first thing a person does is to learn the language and to imitate the localites in gestures. Slowly, yet steadily without the knowledge of the person himself, he starts to change many things, finally effecting their culture and tradition too.
Today, many Indians have settled abroad but are still Indians by heart. This happens when the person, after getting accustomed to this new lifestyle, one day realizes that a great deal of change has accumulated, resulting a loss of their identity. Meanwhile, this shapes into nostalgia. Finally, such a person starts to crave to enhance their own custom and tradition, which has already compromised with their way of living.
Henceforth, it is evident that when we settle in abroad, we must change our culture to adopt the culture of the country where we settle, nonetheless remain an ardent follower or lover of one’s own culture and tradition. ‘Remember, change is the only permanent notion in any nation. So, instead of fretting about cultural exchange, enjoy the fun of it.
Answer the following questions that follows:

1. What happens when a person settles in foreign lands?
a) Cultural instability
b) Cultural tolerance
c) Cultural exchange
d) None of the above
2. What is the meaning of the quote ‘Be Roman in Rome’?
a) Everyone must change to look like a Roman.
b) People of Rome too don’t look like Romans.
c) To make oneself suitable to the new place.
d) To make oneself conservative to the customs and traditions.
3. What is the most inevitable thing according to the passage?
a) Change
b) Nostalgia
c) Conservative
d) Imitate
4. What can’t be toppled in a day?
a) Knowledge
b) Age old customs and traditions
c) Wisdom
5. Pick up the synonym of the word ‘ancestry’.
d) Origin

Answer Key is appended at the end.

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

Answer Key: 1.C 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.D

LIFE SKILLS
You are a Scion of Ikshvaku yet you are lost in the market yard not knowing how to het grocery. You are a topper of IIT but can’t manage a square meal in the absence of your family. In these situations what fun is it to brag you with superlatives. Meanwhile, the children on streets whom we fondly call urchins and brats excel in meeting their ends. Now, the question raises as ‘What for are we striving in the schools?’ to make rubber stamps! Or white colored puppets!
The life skills mark their identity in every day’s life. The hen which fights pitched battles with Eagles, birds and even the people of the vicinity in order to save its’ chicken, leaves the young ones to manage themselves on attaining age. On the other hand, human beings go with spoon feeding to show the world that they take good care of their family. When the conch shell of parents plays in the ears how can a child play in the grounds? Without practical knowledge of ice and fire, how can that man taste the life? Who can take thrill in pleasure without the practical knowledge of a morsel of pain? Finally, What is a day, without a night?
When a question in competitive exam comes with word limit, we compress our words even when the thought gushes in torrents. Nevertheless, we expand the topic without a hint of idea about the same. Similarly, in our day to day life too one needs to manage. Often, we see youth standing still with lack of expression when an auto-driver or a shopkeeper cussing them with words they never heard or used. Even, they fumble for words to propose a girl of their choice, who is a close pale.
The situation looks grave when a graduate or a student from board classes find themselves in a tight spot to fill an application or to write a letter. The society grieves for producing such uneducated literates.
Here, the ‘LIFE SKILLS’ surface and mock the system. Changes are to be made to strengthen the spine of the nation. To prepare the youth for tomorrow, tomorrow’s yesterday should be strong. Poet’s celebrated nature and beauty, film makers have celebrated love and hatred. Let’s celebrate life with special skills while giving a little freedom to the tiny hands to throw a stone on the ripe mangoes, to run and fall on the hedges, to hear and assimilate some shit. We have grown hearing the celibacy of Bheeshma and fantasy of Krishna, let’s contribute a little lunacy to the next generation.

Answer the following questions that follows:

1. What is the meaning of the phrase ‘the country grieves for producing such uneducated literates?
a) Country is happy about the literates
b) Country is unhappy about the literates
c) Country is unhappy as the educated behaves like uneducated, when it comes to life skills.
d) Country is unhappy as the uneducated behaves like educated, when it comes to life skills.
2. What does the phrase ‘tomorrow’s yesterday’ refers to?
a) Tomorrow
b) Today
c) Yesterday
d) Day before yesterday.
3. What is the source of developing the life skills among children?
a) Freedom to play and have hands on practical knowledge.
b) Freedom to become Bheeshma and Krishna
c) Not to spoil their freedom by playing in the grounds
d) Concentrate on studies.
4. Identify the figure of speech used in the statement ‘Here, the ‘LIFE SKILLS’ surface and mock the system’.
a) Hyperbole
b) Simile
c) Metaphor
d) Personification
5. Identify the synonym of the word ‘Proximity; the state of being near’ from the Para 2.
a) Conch
b) Vicinity
c) Pitch
d) Morsel

Answer Key is appended at the end.

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

Answer Key : 1.C 2.B 3. A 4.D 5.B

It is true that every individual is responsible for his/her own happiness, nonetheless the undisposed fact is, happiness depends on external factors like your social status, friends and even financial status. This is so because we aren’t monks.
To begin with, a well settled man is open to speak and express his thought, wherein a poor man’s tongue should always lose the edge. What brings all of us here is our education. Can we expect the same freedom of expression from an uneducated? Without freedom of expression, without access to riches, attaining happiness is a rarity.
Often, we see people saying happiness is a state of mind. The fact is it is a state of mind for a well settled person. Truth always changes and wisdom is in understanding the fact. In many cases people earn to their posterity. I this process they lose the most promising relations, only to repent later on their loss, for such people it is quite perfect to think that the person is responsible for his/her own happiness as having everything which a common man craves for, yet is unhappy. Nevertheless, the poor too enjoys life provided they limit their needs. To me, happiness depends not only on the state of mind. Let us compare the life of two kids. A rich boy who is bereaved of his mother, envies the slum neighbor’s mother’s hug, at the same time the kid in the slums aspire to attend school like the former . Here it is evident that happiness depends on your aspirations. Let’s see the third fellow who has parents and takes regular schooling but is jealous of his friend who is a great dancer.
Henceforth, happiness lies in fulfilling aspirations. After reaching the goals one can feel satisfied therefore limit your needs, limit your aspirations to the fullest of your potential and strive to reach your targets. On reaching the target, every individual is responsible for one’s happiness.

Answer the following questions that follows:

1. What is the passage about?
a) Hard work c) Aspirations
b) Happiness d) Goals
2. As per the passage, what is happiness?
a) Happiness is a state of mind.
b) Happiness depends on an individual.
c) Happiness has rarely some importance.
d) Happiness is a state of mind of a well settled person.
3. What is the aspiration of the poor kid?
a) To be happy with his mother.
b) To be bereaved of his mother.
c) To attend schooling as the rich kid.
d) He doesn’t aspire at all.
4. Find out the synonym of the phrase ‘to take away someone’ from the passage given above.
a) Bereave c) Potential
b) Aspire d) Posterity
5. Replace the word ‘nonetheless’ from the first paragraph with the best option given below.
a) And b) But
b) Yet d) so

Answer key is available at end of this post

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

Answer Key : 1. B 2. 3. C 4. A 5. B

## GE 27: VOCABULARY-4

Directions: Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank which best fits the meaning of sentence as a whole.

For more quizzes on General English, please visit the page here.

For quizzes on Library Science, kindly visit the page here.

## GE 25: IMPROVEMENT OF SENTENCES-3

This is a quiz on General English. For more quizzes on General English, please visit the page here. For General Knowledge quizzes, kindly click here   Which of the phrases (a),(b),(c), and (d) given below should replace the phrase given in the brackets in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct and needs no improvement, select option(e),i.e., “No correction required” as your answer

## GE 24: IMPROVEMENT OF SENTENCES-2

This is a quiz on General English. For more quizzes on General English, please visit the page here.

Which of the phrases (a),(b),(c), and (d) given below should replace the phrase given in the brackets in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct and needs no improvement, select option(e),i.e., “No correction required” as your answer.

## GE 23: IMPROVEMENT OF SENTENCES-1

Which of the phrases (a),(b),(c), and (d) given below should replace the phrase given in the brackets in the following sentences to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct and needs no improvement, select option(e),i.e., “No correction required” as your answer.

## GE 22: ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICE-4

In each of the following questions, a sentence has been given in Active ( or Passive ) voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive ( or Active ) voice.

## GE 21: ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICE-3

In the following questions, the sentences have Been given in Active ?Passive Voice. From the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the given sentence in Passive/Active voice.

## GE 20 : IDIOMS AND PHRASES-3

Select the correct meaning of the idioms /phrases from the alternatives given below. In some questions idioms/phrases are indicated in brackets.

## GE 19: IDIOMS AND PHRASES-2

Select the correct meaning of the idioms /phrases from the alternatives given below. In some questions idioms/phrases are indicated in brackets.

## GE 18: IDIOMS AND PHRASES-1

Select the correct meaning of the idioms /phrases from the alternatives given below. In some questions idioms/phrases are indicated in brackets.

## GE 17 : SPOTTING THE ERRORS-3

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The alphabet indicated in bracket in that part will be the answer. If there is no error, then the answer is E.

Topic: Tenses

## GE16: SPOTTING THE ERRORS-2

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The alphabet indicated in bracket in that part will be the answer. If there is no error, then the answer is E.

## GE 15: SPOTTING THE ERRORS

Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The alphabet indicated in bracket in that part will be the answer. If there is no error, then the answer is E.

## Contronyms

Can A Word Be Its Own Opposite?

Yes! They are called Contronyms—words that are their own antonyms, depending on usage.
Here are a few examples

Dust :
can mean ‘to add fine particles’ or ‘to remove fine particles’.

Left :
can mean both
‘remaining’ and ‘departed’.

Off :
can mean both ‘activated’ and ‘deactivated’.
Eg:- “Set off” – Activated
“ Switch off – Deactivated

Oversight :
means both ‘watchful care’ and ‘an inadvertent error’.

Screen :
can mean both ‘to show’ and ‘to hide’.

Sanction
can mean both ‘a penalty for disobeying a law’ and ‘official permission or approval for an action.

## 13.GENERAL ENGLISH( TENSES)

Welcome to your 13. GENERAL ENGLISH ( TENSE). Supply the correct tense of the verbs given in brackets:

1.
When we /(take) our exams, we'll have a holiday.

2.
I/(not like) the dance last night.

3.
Please sit here until my husband/(come).

4.
When I reached the school, the first bell/(already go).

5.

6.
She (play) tennis since 4 o' clock

7.
He /(play) the Guitar outside her house when some-one opened the window and /(throw) out a bucket of water.

8.
I/ (leave) these flowers at the hospital for you. I/(go) there anyway to visit my cousin.

9.
Only the wearer(know)/where the shoe/(pinch)

10.
My friend/(not see) me for many years when I met him last week.

## 12. GENERAL ENGLISH( SYNONYMS)

Welcome to your 12 GENERAL ENGLISH ( SYNONYMS)

Each of the following 20 sets consists a word phrase in capital letters, followed by four words or phrases,. Select the word or phrase that is most nearly similar in meaning to the word or phrase in capital letters.

1.
IMPASSIVELY

2.
STARK

3.
MIFFED

4.
REPROBATE

5.
INCONGRUOUS

6.
RANCOUR

7.
ANOMALAY

8.
FACILE

9.
INDOLENCE

10.
DELUGE

11.
DOGMATIC

12.

13.
PROLIFIC

14.
The two parties have reached a STALEMATE.

15.
The Prime Minister delivered an IMPROMPTU speech to the students.

16.

17.
Some people believe that the third world war is IMMINENT.

18.
There were INTERMITTTENT power cuts in the city and its suburbs on Monday.

19.
Spandana has never been an OUTGOING type.

20.
PROVOKED by the unfair remark, the young man hit his companion.

# QUIZWAY.IN

## 11. GENERAL ENGLISH( SYNONYMS)

Welcome to your QUIZ 11: GENERAL ENGLISH- SYNONYMS.

Each of the following 20 sets consists a word phrase in capital letters, followed by four words or phrases,. Select the word or phrase that is most nearly similar in meaning to the word or phrase in capital letters.

1.
CAJOLE

2.
REPRISAL

3.
SOPORIFIC

4.
The Chairman conducted the meeting with APLOMB

5.
Our fates seemed INTERWINED

6.
Such conduct deserves REPRIMAND

7.
On public occasions, she was very PUNCTILIOUS about forms and manners.

8.
After he came back from his evening walk, he felt FAMISHED

9.
I have serious MISGIVINGS about taking up this job.

10.
He made a very PERSPICACIOUS analysis of the problem.

11.
His version of the incident was a complete TRAVESTY of facts.

12.
It was proved that dates grow well in ARID climate.

13.
At one time, only INDUSTRIOUS people were supposed to e rewarded.

14.
Those who admit the ultimacy of values, IMPLICITLY recognize the spiritual reality behind the universe,

15.
The automobile industry depends on INDIGENOUS technology.

16.
he judge was both JUDICIOUS and impartial

17.
Reading fiction is an ABSORBING, creative and entertaining hobby.

18.
A man of unsound mind, he was EXONERATED from all responsibility for his actions.

19.
He tried to ALLEVIATE the sufferings of his neighbour.

20.
If a leader wants to be popular, he should master the art of being CIVIL to everyone.

## 10.GENERAL ENGLISH(ANTONYMS)

Welcome to your 10 -GENERAL ENGLISH ( ANTONYMS). Choose the correct antonym (opposite word) of the words given in capital letters.

1.

2.
CAPITAL

3.
COMPLIANCE

4.
LATENT

5.
VANITY

6.
VENERATE

7.
CAPACIOUS

8.
VISIONARY

9.
ANONYMOUS

10.
CURTAIL

11.
PRIDE

12.
CRYPTIC

13.
CLOUDY

14.
DENSITY

15.
DEFIANCE

16.
ONEROUS

17.
ATTRACT

18.
RISE

19.
MOLEST

20.
PLENARY

## 9. GENERAL ENGLISH(ANTONYMS)

Welcome to your 9 -GENERAL ENGLISH ( ANTONYMS).  Directions: Choose the word  which  nearly the opposite in  meaning to the word given in capital letters.

1.
EQUANIMITY

2.
BASE

3.
TURGID

4.

5.
FLOAT

6.
CHEAP

7.
COMMON

8.
DISTEND

9.
DIVERGENCE

10.
DREARY

11.
KEMP

12.
KILL

13.
MALICE

14.
MANIFEST

15.
MERCENARY

16.
NURSE

17.
OBDURATE

18.
OFFHAND

19.
PARDON

20.
OBSCURE

## 8: General English- Antonyms

This Quiz is about antonyms( opposite words). This quiz consists of twenty questions, each carrying one mark weightage.

Welcome to your 8 -GENERAL ENGLISH ( ANTONYMS). Choose the word most opposite in meaning to word given in capital letters:

1.
CONFESS

2.
PERNICIOUS

3.
LACONIC

4.
BIGOTED

5.
PIQUANT

6.
PRECIPTOUS

7.
CHURLISH

8.
PREMEDITATION

9.
FOLLY

10.
DRAWS

11.
GRUESOME

12.
MACABRE

13.
INCLEMENT

14.
AFFECTATION

15.
WRATH

16.
DEFIANCE

17.
SHAME

18.
VISIONARY

19.
ANONYMOUS

20.
CURTAIL

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## GENERAL ENGLISH-7

This quiz about Active Voice and Passive Voice. A few are examples are given and you have to identify whether they are in active or passive voice.

Click to start the Test

Contributed by: Smt Suneela Jyotsna, M.A,M.Ed.,NET,
( A Teacher, Blogger and Podcaster)

## QUIZ 30 GK: WOMAN ACHIEVERS OF INDIA

Woman and Wonder begin with the same letter: because women are wonderful.

In this quiz let us find about some of the wonderful women of India who were pioneers in their own field. This quiz consists 15 questions and the time limit is 5 mins.