Games and sports are two closely related concepts. Games refer to activities done for amusement, recreation or fun. Sports on the other hand refer to a physical activity where individuals or team compete for entertainment purposes.
Post-independence, first three gallantry awards namely Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra and Vir Chakra were instituted by the Government of India on 26th January, 1950 which were deemed to have effect from the 15th August, 1947.
Thereafter, other three gallantry awards i.e. Ashoka Chakra Class-I, Ashoka Chakra Class-II and Ashoka Chakra Class-III were instituted by the Government of India on 4th January, 1952, which were deemed to have effect from the 15th August, 1947. These awards were renamed as Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra respectively in January, 1967.
These gallantry awards are announced twice in a year – first on the occasion of the Republic Day and then on the occasion of the Independence Day. Order of precedence of these awards is the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, the Mahavir Chakra, the Kirti Chakra, the Vir Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra.
Wartime Gallantry Awards
These awards are given posthumously.
Param Vir Chakra : Most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice. Major Somnath Sharma was the first to receive this award.
Maha Vir ChakRa: Acts of bravery in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air.
Vir Chakra : Acts of bravery in the battle field.
Peace Time Gallantry Awards
These awards are given posthumously.
Ashok Chakra: Most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, otherwise than in the presence of enemy.
Kirti Chakra: Conspicuous gallantry otherwise than in the presence of enemy.
Shaurya Chakra: National bravery generally given for counterinsurgency operations against the enemy during the peace time.
Though we all celebrate the new year day on 1st of January, according to the Gregorian calender, different states in India have different dates according to the saka calander. They name it differently according to the state language. Here are a few questions the new years of different states of India.
National Book Week is celebrated ever year to commemorate the birthday of first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The celebrations all over the country commence from Children’s Day i.e. 14 November and continue till 20 November. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru loved children. He envisaged a future where children will grow up in an environment of book reading and book buying. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru instituted National Book Trust, India on 1 August 1957 with an objective to spread the book- reading culture thereby creating a learning society. Since its formation, the Trust has been actively involved in the promotion and publication of books in all major Indian languages and for all age groups and segments of the society.
Children’s Day is celebrated as a tribute to Nehru. Nehru, fondly called ‘Chacha Nehru’ was born on November 14, 1889. He was known for his affection for kids. He also established Children’s Film Society India in 1955 to create indigenous cinema exclusively for kids.
The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) was set up by the Government of India in 1964.It acts as a watchdog to fight against corruption against the employees of Central Government, PSUs etc. The Commission has been observing Vigilance Awareness Week(VAW) every year since 2000 & begins in the week in which the Birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel falls.This year VAW is observed from 31.10.2022 to 06.11.2022 with theme “Corruption Free India for a developed Nation”. The Web site of CVC is http://www.cvc.gov.in CVC is the designated authority to receive complaints under Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informers (PIDPI) Resolution 2004.
GK 106: International Day Against Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking Quiz
International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking: The main aim of this day is to spread awareness about the physical and psychological impact of substance abuse, drug overdose deaths, and drug-related problems across the globe.
Led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and held annually on 5 June since 1973, World Environment Day is the largest global platform for environmental public outreach and is celebrated by millions of people across the world. This year it is hosted by Sweden. Source: https://www.un.org/
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), henceforth mentioned as KVS, is an Autonomous Organization under the Ministry of Education, Department of School Education & Literacy, Government of India. It has its Headquarters office at New Delhi, 25 Regional offices located at Agra, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Dehradun, Delhi, Ernakulam, Gurgaon, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jammu, Kolkatta, Lucknow, Mumbai, Patna, Raipur, Ranchi, Silchar, Tinsukia, Varanasi and 1252 Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) functioning all over the country including 03 abroad. It also has five Zonal Institutes of Education & Training (ZIETs). KVs are co-educational schools upto class 12thand focuses on holistic development of students.
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It is a living document, the permanent instrument which makes the government system work It lays down the frameworl defining fundamental political principles, established the structure , procedures , powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.
The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. 26 th of November is celebrated as Sanvidhan Diwas ( Constitution Day).
Many wars took place in the history for the land and many would take place in the future. It is wise to draw some accepted boundaries between countries and to obey them lawfully. In this quiz, let us see some of the International boundaries.