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Source : IGNOU B.Lib Material

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#1. The steady growth in the output of various types of documents popularly known as...

#2. Which pattern of book arrangements satisfies five laws of Ranganathan?

Therefore, one finds that in well organised libraries documents are arranged on the basis of subject matter. This arrangement helps to bring documents embodying the same specific subject together and those on related subjects in their close proximity on the shelves. This would result, as Ranganathan puts it, into an APUPA arrangement that will give reader the greatest satisfaction at the moment in full conformity to all the Five Laws of Library Science. In this arrangement, the focal point of one’s main interest is the
UMBRAL REGION. This is followed on, either side by the PENUMBRAL REGION represented by subjects on either side of the UMBRAL region having successfully a decreasing bearing on the umbral region. The penumbral region will ultimately thin into ALIEN REGIONS. This is helpful and convenient especially on open access libraries. Readers can directly go to the shelves and browse through the library collection.
Generally, the objective of libraries is to have an APUPA ARRANGEMENT EVERYWHERE.

#3. Who is the author of the book 'Modern Outline of Library Classification'?

#4. Which kind of arrangement of books was suggested by many eminent classificationists?

#5. The word classification was derived from which language?

The word classification was derived from the Latin word classes which meant order or rank of mobility in Roman society based upon birth and wealth.

#6. Who stated that classification is "the arranging of things according to likeness and unlikeness. It is the sorting and grouping of things, but in addition, classification of books is a knowledge classification with adjustments made necessary by the physical form of books"?

#7. Who defines classfication as " the arrangement of books on shelves or description of them in the manner which is most helpful to those who read".?

#8. Who defined classification as "the systematic arrangement of books and other material on shelves or of catalogue and index entries in the manner which is most useful to those who read or who seek a definite piece of information"?

#9. Who defined classification as "it is the translation of the name of the subject of a book into the preferred artificial language of ordinal numbers, and the individualisation of several books dealing with the same specific subject by means of a further set of ordinal numbers which represent some features of the book other than their thought content".?

#10. Who is the father of Modern Library Classification?

#11. Who was the first classificationist to use simple Indo-Arabic numerals (0-9) as ordinal numbers for the systematic listing of subjects?

#12. When was DDC first published ?

#13. Who defines the specific subject of a document as "that division of knowledge whose extension and intension are equal to those of its thought content"?

#14. Who defines the specific subject as "that division of knowledge which exactly comprehends all the major factors that go in its making".?

#15. How many elements are there in the call number of a book?

The call numbers’ for a document consists of three elements, viz.,class number, book number and collection number. The following example will show the presence of these three elements in a call number.
Jawaharlal Nehru: An Autobiography with Musings on Recent Events in India, Bombay, Allied. 1962.
The call number for this book by Dewey Decimal classification is:

923.254     –  Class Number

NEH            – Book Number

RR              – Collection Number


Call Number is 923.254 NEH RR


The explanation of the above call number is:

923254 Biography of an Indian statesman (that is the subject of the book , i.e., Class number

NEH Nerhu (the first three letters from surname of the author ,Book number)

RR Reading Room Collection (the nature of the collection in the library i.e., collection number

#16. Classification brings related subjects in close proximity, called collocation. Who used this term?

#17. Who opines that "Classfication is a mechanical time saving device for the discovery of knowledge in books"?


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