Current Affairs – 3 June 2023

Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Launched Unified Registration Portal For GOBARdhanGajendra Singh Shekhawat, Union Minister of Jal Shakti, launched the Unified Registration Portal for Biogas/ Compressed Bio Gas (CBG)/ Bio CNG  (Compressed Natural Gas) plants under Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBARdhan) scheme.

  • This portal will be a one stop repository to assess investment and participation in Biogas/CBG sector at pan India level.
  • This will also streamline the process of setting up CBG/Biogas plants in India.

About the portal:
i.The portal, developed by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, the nodal agency of GOBARdhan, will ensure Ease of Doing Business (EODB).
ii.The functioning of the portal was tested and explored by the CBG Producers Association.
Key Points:
i.With aggregated data from all Ministries & Departments across Centre and States, this will also attract greater investment from the private players.
ii.To avail the benefits and support of GoI schemes and programs related to GOBARdhan, new projects should register on this portal.
iii.The portal will display the information about existing and proposed GOBARdhan projects.
iv.This portal will act as a valuable tool for investors  and entrepreneurs of the sector.
About GOBARdhan:
GOBARdhan, launched in 2018 under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen(SBM(G)-Phase II program, is an umbrella initiative of the Indian government that aims to convert waste to wealth towards promoting circular economy.

  • The scheme is implemented through the partnership between the State Governments and Private Sector including entrepreneurs, societies etc.

i.Objective: To generate wealth and energy by converting cattle dung, agri residue and other organic waste into Biogas, CBG and bio fertilizers.
ii.It encompasses schemes/programmes under various Ministries & Departments. This includes:

  • Waste to Energy Scheme – Ministry of New and Renewable Energy(MNRE)
  • SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) scheme of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas(MoPNG)
  • SBM(G) Phase II of DDWS
  • Agri Infrastructure Fund (AIF) of Dept. of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
  • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) of Dept. of Animal Husbandry & Dairy.

iii.Target: The scheme aims to contribute to India’s climate action goals especially towards achieving net zero emission by 2070.
Note:  At present around 650 GOBARdhan plants have been reported by different stakeholders.

Formal job creation increased in FY23, Highest in Maharashtra: EPFO Payroll Data AnalysisAccording to the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization’s (EPFO) payroll reporting data analysis, 1.39 crore people found new formal jobs in India in FY23 which means the number of net payroll additions increased 13.2% Y-o-Y (Year-on-Year) to 1,38,51,689 from 1,22,34,625 in FY22 , and that too in global layoffs and an economic slowdown.

  • 22% of the new jobs i.e. 30,28,978 lakh payroll additions were in Maharashtra, across age groups and sectors.
  • It should be noted that Maharashtra has topped every financial year since September 2017, when the EPFO began releasing payroll addition data.

It captures the employment data of firms employing at least 20.
i.In Maharashtra, from 15,75,943 lakh in FY19, new formal jobs in the state increased to 17.4 lakh the following year. While there was a dip during the pandemic in FY21, the number shot up in FY22. This again increased by 15% in FY23.
ii.Maharashtra is followed by Tamil Nadu (TN) at 2nd place with 14.05 net new payroll additions in FY23 recording a 9.6% increase in formal job creation compared to FY22.

  • It has risen in ranking after a gap of five years.

iii.KarnatakaHaryana and Gujarat bagged the third, fourth and fifth positions, respectively.
iv.Among the large states, Assam had the fewest formal job creations at 64,432. This is, however, a 177% increase compared to FY22.
v.The 22-25 age group bagged the most jobs at 36.24 lakh.

  • 32.25 lakh people aged 18-21 also bagged formal jobs in FY23.

vi.While Tech start-ups in India laid off around ​20,000 employees in FY23, the other sectors did well in providing jobs.
Note: Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) also showed lower unemployment rate, 7.6% in FY23, compared to the previous two financial years of 8% in FY22 and 10% in FY21.

Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri launched a PM SVANidhi Mobile app

On 1st June 2023, Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched the a mobile app PMSVANidhi for street vendors to ease their loan application process under the PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) scheme.

  • The app was launched during the event organised to mark the 3 years completion of the Scheme, which was launched on 1st June 2020.
  • This will provide an end-to-end solution to facilitate Lending Institutions – Banks/ non-bank financial company (NBFC)/ Microfinance institutions (MFIs), to process loan applications of beneficiaries through field agents.

The scheme was launched to provide collateral free working capital loans of up to Rs 10,000 of one-year tenure to approximately 50 lakh street vendors to help resume their businesses in the urban areas.
Note: The scheme facilitates working capital loans in three tranches to street vendors.

NATO launches Arctic exercises 2023: Vowing to protect Finland, the new member of the Western Alliance

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries have started multinational Arctic Military Challenge exercise 2023, with a pledge to defend their newest member, Finland, which is hosting its first joint training in Rovajarvi, one of Europe’s largest artillery training grounds in Northern Finland.

  • The 2023 Arctic Challenge Exercise (ACE 23) scheduled from 29 May 2023 to 9 June 2023, is the sixth of its kind which Finland, Norway, and Sweden have hosted together.
  • The addition of Finland doubles the length of the border NATO shares with Russia, while Finland shares a 1,300-kilometre (800-mile) border with Russia.

Note: Finland became the 31st member of the Western Alliance since April 2023.
The objective of ACE 23 is to train participating forces to conduct dissimilar aircraft combat in large composite air operations safely and effectively.
What are Arctic Challenge Exercises?
iThe Arctic Challenge Exercises is part of the Nordic Defence Cooperation (NORDEFCO) between Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Their Air Forces regularly carry out combined air combat-related Cross Border Training operated from their home bases.
ii. It has been hosted bi-annually by Nordic countries since 2013.

  • The Air Forces of Sweden, Finland and Norway hosted the multinational Arctic Challenge Exercise 2021 (ACE 21) from 7 June to 18 June 2021.

iIn addition to the hosts, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom (UK), Italy, Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, the Czech Republic and the United States of America (USA) are participating in the Arctic Challenge Exercise.
ii.Nearly 1,000 allied forces from the USA, UK, Norway and also from NATO applicant Sweden, joined some 6,500 Finnish troops and some 1,000 vehicles for exercises, which mark Finland’s biggest modern-time land-force drill above the Arctic Circle.
iii. Some 150 aircraft from 14 NATO members and partner countries are also participating in ACE 23 exercises.
iv. The USA troops practised with their Multiple Launch Rocket Systems shipped from Germany, while their Finnish counterparts fired their Leopard 2A6 tanks, the Swedes and the Norwegians fired from CV90 infantry fighting vehicles and the UK troops deployed Warrior tanks.
About North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):
Formed in– 1949
Secretary General– Jens Stoltenberg
Headquarters– Brussels, Belgium

MyntraKotak Mahindra Bank launches first-of-its-kind Digital Fashion Co-Branded Credit CardOn June 1, 2023, the Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited (KMBL) in partnership with Myntra launched its first-of-its-kind co-branded digital fashion and lifestyle credit card namely ‘Kotak Myntra credit card’ which will be available on MasterCard and RuPay networks and can be applied for completely online.
Features of Cards
i.The card is dedicated to fashion shoppers across metros, tier 1, tier 2 & 3 cities
ii.The joining fee and annual fee for the credit card is Rs 500.

  • Rs 500 e-voucher on card activation.

iii.There will be 7.5% instant discount on unlimited transactions on Myntra, up to Rs 750 per transaction, and complimentary access to Myntra Insider
iv.There will be 5% cashback on any purchase with some of the popular platforms: Swiggy, Swiggy Instamart, PVR, Cleartrip, Urban Company
v.Quarterly Milestone of 2 PVR Movie tickets

mooMark‘: First Indian Pvt. Dairy to launch Heat Index linked Insurance Product for its FarmersStellapps’ fintech arm mooPay Private Limited, in partnership with IBISA Network, HDFC ERGO and Gramcover, has launched heat Index-based insurance plan to provide financial compensation to mooMark dairy farmers in case of income loss due to a fall in milk productivity during heat waves in summer.

  • mooMark is a private dairy supply chain arm of Stellapps.

What is in the heat Index-based insurance plan?
Under this farmers receive insurance benefits if temperatures exceed specified limits for a set number of days within a 60-day period starting from May 1, 2023, based on region-specific parameters.

  • mooMark utilizes temperature trend data from a pre-agreed public database to compensate claimants according to prescribed benefit slabs.
  • Each insured cattle can receive a maximum coverage of Rs 2,000. Presently, the insurance covers one cattle per household.

First Phase:
In the first phase, mooMark includes this insurance in its loyalty program, covering approximately 7,000 farmers in 5 districts across 4 states, with a total sum assured exceeding Rs 1.3 crore.

  • This financial product can benefit over 80 million dairy farming families that rely on income from around 300 million cattle.

About mooPay Private Limited:
CEO– Rahul Mallick
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka

Manappuram Finance Launched Digital Lending App ‘Ma-Money’Manappuram Finance Limited, a Kerala-based NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Comapany), launched a new digital lending platform named ‘Ma-Money’ to provide customers with all the financial products offered by Manappuram Finance under one platform.
Key Points:
i.The app is primarily targeted at customers in tier 2 and tier 3 cities (i.e. small cities and towns).
ii.Loans offered under the Ma-Money app include personal loans, business loans, consumer durables’ loans, loans for the healthcare industry, food industry, small-scale industries, car loans, home repair loans, among others.
iii.The launch of Ma-Money is part of Manappuram Finance’s broader strategy to expand its digital footprint and provide customers innovative and convenient financial products.
iv.As per the statement of  V P Nandakumar, Managing Director and CEO, Manappuram Finance, the new app is expected to support it to increase its digital business and reach a wider audience.
v.Manappuram Finance is expected to touch USD 350 billion by the end of 2023 at a growth rate of 11 to 12 per cent annually.

RBI launches ‘100 Days 100 Pays’ campaign to settle unclaimed deposits

On June 1, 2023, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) launched ‘100 Days 100 Pays’ campaign to trace and settle the top 100 unclaimed deposits of every bank in every district of India.

  • This measure will complement the ongoing efforts by RBI to reduce the quantum of unclaimed deposits in the banking system and return such deposits to their rightful owners/ claimants.

What are unclaimed deposits?
Balances in savings / current accounts which are not operated for 10 years, or term deposits not claimed within 10 years from date of maturity are classified as “Unclaimed Deposits”.

  • These amounts are transferred by banks to “Depositor Education and Awareness” (DEA) Fund maintained by RBI.
  • RBI has also announced the setting up of a Centralized Web portal for public to search unclaimed deposits across multiple banks.

India’s GDP Grows at 6.1% in Q4FY23 and 7.2% in FY23: Union Govt data

According to the official data released by the Union Government on May 30, 2023, the Indian Economy’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in Q4 FY23 (Fourth Quarter of Financial Year 2022-23) i.e. from January to March 2023 is projected at 6.1% year-on-year (YoY) when compared to the 4.5% growth in Q3 FY23 and 4% in FY22.

  • India’s growth rate for FY23 was projected at 7.2% compared to 9.1% GDP growth in FY22. Due to this growth, the Indian economy is now USD 3.3 trillion in size.

Key Points:

i.Sector-wise Growth in Q4FY23: 

  • The growth in the Q4 FY23 period was mainly contributed by 6.9% of growth in service sector, a 5.5% in agriculture, 4.5% in manufacturing and 10.4% in Construction sector.
  • The electricity, gas, water supply and other utility services segment grew 6.9% in Q4FY23 from 6.7% in Q4FY22.

ii.GDP Projections:

  • According to the National Statistics Office (NSO) data, the real GDP prices in FY23 are estimated to attain a level of Rs 160.06 lakh crore, as against the first revised estimates of GDP of Rs 149.26 lakh crore for FY22.
  • Nominal GDP in FY23 is estimated to attain a level of Rs 272.41 trillion, as against Rs 234.71 trillion in FY22, showing a growth rate of 16.1%.
  • The GDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices in Q4 FY23 is estimated at Rs 43.62 lakh crore against Rs 41.12 lakh crore in Q4 FY22, showing a growth of 6.1%. 
  • The GDP at Current Prices in Q4 2022-23 is estimated at Rs 71.82 lakh crore compared to Rs 65.05 lakh crore in Q4 2021-22, a growth of 10.4%.

iii.Gross value added (GVA) growth in FY23 was about 7% against an 8.8% growth in FY22. The Manufacturing sector’s GVA growth increased to 4.5% Q4 FY23 as against 0.6% in Q4 FY22.

iv.The discrepancies factored while computing the national income was Rs 3,80,964 crore in FY23, which was lower than Rs 4,47,182 crore in FY22.

JP Morgan raises India’s FY24 GDP forecast to 5.5%JP Morgan raised its forecast for India’s annual growth by 50 basis points to 5.5% for fiscal 2024, following an increase in India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth to 6.1% in the March quarter of FY23 (Q4FY23).

  • This growth was boosted by government and private capital spending.
  • The economy also grew at a better-than-expected 7.2% for fiscal 2023.

Key Points:
i.Though the GDP forecast is increased, but, it has warned that the global economic slowdown and tighter financial conditions will still drag the economy.
ii.The growth potential could be enhanced if the central government successfully achieves the significant increase in budgeted capital expenditure for fiscal 2024 and convince the states to do the same.

  • The economy may suffer adverse effects if the occurrence of the El Nino phenomenon affects the monsoon of 2023.

iii.Global growth momentum is still expected to slow in the coming quarters.
iv.On May 31, 2023, the Indian government revised its full-year growth estimate for the current financial year to 7.2% from 7%.
v.India’s economy grew 9.1% in fiscal 2022.

NGEL & UPRVUNL Signed MoU to Develop Renewable Energy Parks On May 31, 2023, NTPC Green Energy Limited (NGEL), a subsidiary of NTPC Ltd, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (UPRVUNL) in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP).

  • Objective: To develop Renewable Energy Parks and Projects in UP and to facilitate in Government of India’s efforts towards energy transition.
  • The MoU was signed by Mohit Bhargava, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), NGEL and Nidhi Kumar Narang, Director (Finance), UPRVUNL,  in the presence of P. Guruprasad, Managing Director (MD), UPRVUNL, Praveen Saxena, Regional Executive Director of NTPC. V V Sivakumar, General Manager, NGEL.

Key Points:
i.As part of the agreement, the NGEL and UPRVUNL would collaborate and set up floating and ground mounted Solar Projects in the Rihand reservoir, other water bodies and any available vacant land.
ii.They would also develop solar PV (Photovoltaic) Projects dedicated to the solarization of Ayodhya City (UP) and set up of Renewable energy Parks and Projects wherever land is made available.
iii.NGEL and UPRVUNL shall jointly work for the formation of a Joint Venture Company (JVC) to meet the Renewable Generation Obligation, Flexibility in Generation and Scheduling of Thermal/Hydro Power Stations through bundling with Renewable Energy and Energy Storage.

  • The Rihand River is a tributary of the Son River and flows through the Indian states of Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.

i.At present UPRVUNL has four thermal power stations within UP with an installed capacity of 5,820 MW and one thermal power station with an installed capacity of 1,320 MW under JV with NTPC.

  • UPRVUNL is in the process of adding a further 3300 MW capacity with supercritical technology on its own and another 1980 MW in JV with Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs).

ii.NTPC is India’s largest power utility with an installed capacity of 72,304  MW (including JVs) and plans to become a 130 GW company by 2032.
iii.NTPC established NGEL as a fully owned subsidiary to focus on Renewable Energy Parks and Projects. NGEL aims to drive the development of green hydrogen, energy storage technologies, and round-the-clock renewable energy power.

BoB announced nominations for inaugural Rashtrabhasha Samman Award 

Bank of Baroda(BOB), India’s leading public sector banks, announced the nominations for the 1st edition of Bank of Baroda Rashtrabhasha Samman Awards (2023). The winner is set to be announced on 11th June 2023.

  • A total of 12 titles in Odia, Urdu, Punjabi, Nepali, Bengali, Marathi and Tamil were featured on the longlist of Rashtrabhasha Samman Awards 2023.

The award aims to acknowledge and promote literary works in various Indian languages listed under the 8th Schedule of the Constitution, and make these works accessible to Hindi readers through translations.

  • The Award will be presented to both the author of the original work and its hindi translator.
  • Prize: The award-winning book will receive Rs 21 lakh(for author) and Rs 15 lakh (for translator).and the 5 shortlisted books will receive Rs. 3 lakh (author) and Rs. 2 lakh(translator).

Argentina’s Celeste Saulo appointed as 1st female SG of WMO; India’s Mrutyunjay Mohapatra elected as 3rd VPOn 1st June 2023, Prof Celeste Saulo, a leading meteorologist from Argentina, was appointed as the first female Secretary-General (SG) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), United Nations’ (UN) specialised agency for meteorology.

  • Celeste Saulo, who is currently serving as 1st Vice-President of WMO, will take over as SG of WMO on 1st January 2024.
  • She will succeed Prof Petteri Taalas of Finland, who has been the SG of WMO (for 2 terms) since 2016.

Mrutyunjay MohapatraDirector General (DG) of India Meteorological Department (IMD), under the Ministry of Earth Science, has been elected as the Third Vice-President of WMO. 
About World Meteorological Organization (WMO):
Established in– 23 March 1950
President– Dr Abdulla Al Mandous
Secretary-General- Professor Petteri Taalas
Headquarters– Geneva, Switzerland

Dennis Francis of Trinidad and Tobago’s Elected as UNGA President for the 78th sessionOn 1st June 2023, Dennis Francis, Trinidad and Tobago’s Ambassador to the United Nations (UN), elected as the President of the 78th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in the General Assembly Hall at UN Headquarters in New York, United States of America (USA).

  • Dennis Francis will take charge as President of UNGA at the beginning of the 78th session in September 2023.
  • He will succeed Csaba Kőrösi of Hungary, President of the 77th session of the UNGA.

Note: In accordance with the established regional rotation, the President of the 78th session of the UNGA was elected from the Group of Latin American and Caribbean States.
About Dennis Francis:
i.He served as the Ambassador of Trinidad and Tobago to many countries for 18 consecutive years and retired in September 2021.
ii.He represented UN agencies in Geneva, Vienna and Paris.
UN General Assembly:
i.The 193 Member UN General Assembly (UNGA) is the main policy-making organ of the Organization.
ii.The main functions of the UNGA include appointing the Secretary-General on the recommendation of the Security Council, electing the non-permanent members of the Security Council and approving the UN budget.
78th Session of UNGA: 
During the session of the UN General Assembly, the world leaders discuss the action needed to achieve the UN Goals for 2030, from ending extreme poverty and ensuring quality secondary education for all children to achieving gender equality, reducing inequality, and taking urgent action to combat climate change.
About Trinidad and Tobago:
President-Christine Kangaloo
Capital-Port of Spain
Currency-Trinidad & Tobago Dollar (TT$)
About United Nations:
Secretary General- António Guterres
Head Quarters-New York, United States

India carries out successful training launch of MRBM Agni-1 From OdishaOn 1st June 2023, India carried out a successful training launch of an nuclear capable Medium Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM), Agni-1 from APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha.

  • Agni-1 was fired as a user training launch by Strategic Forces Command (SCF), which control, manage and administer the nuclear forces in India.
  • This test launch successfully validated all operational and technical parameters of the missile.

About Agni-1 missile:
i.This medium-range Agni-1, is a 15 meter-long missile, weighing around 12,000 kilograms(Kg), has a strike range of over 700 kilometers(Km) and is capable of carrying a payload of up to 1,000 Kg.
ii.Agni Systems Agni-1 to 5 missiles are designed & developed by DRDO.
iii.It was first launched on 25th January 2002 from Wheeler Island (nowAPJ Abdul Kalam Island), Odisha.
Other Agni series missiles:
i.The series of Agni missiles includes Agni-2(up to 2,000km), Agni-3(around 3,000km), Agni-4(around 4,000km) and the country’s longest striking range Agni-5(up to 5,000km).
ii.The latest addition to this series is the ’Agni-Prime’ a two-stage canisterised solid-propellant missile with a strike range of 1,000 to 2,000-km was first tested on 28th June 2022.
Ballistic missile:Ballistic missiles are powered initially by a rocket ,then follow an unpowered trajectory that moves upwards before descending to reach its fixed target. In Contrast cruise missiles are jet-propelled at subsonic speeds throughout their flights
About Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO):
Chairman-Dr Samir V Kamat
Headquarters-New Delhi,Delhi

Pisodonophis kalinga: New Eel Species Discovered from Palur canal, OdishaScientists of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have discovered a new species of eel named Pisodonophis kalinga from Palur canal in Ganjam district, Odisha. The Olive-Coloured snake eel, was found hiding in the Chilika lagoon, Asia’s biggest brackish and freshwater lagoon and the adjoining Palur canal of Odisha.

  • The name “Pisodonophis kalinga” refers to the ancient name of Odisha, and “kalinga snake eel” has been proposed as the common name for this unique species.
  • The detailed characteristics of Pisodonophis kalinga was published in the latest edition (29th May 2023) of the International Journal Marine Biodiversity.

Note: Palur canal connects Chilika lagoon with River Rushikulya of Odisha.
Species Classification:
Pisodonophis kalinga belongs to the family Ophichthidae and the order Anguilliformes.
Research team:
Anil Mohapatra (Team led), a senior scientist, Estuarine Biology Regional Centre (ERBC) of ZSI, Gopalpur, Odisha; Scientists of Berhampur University, Berhampur (Odisha) and Ravenshaw University, Cuttack (Odisha).

  • In 2020, Rajesh Kumar Behera, a masters student of Berhampur University collected several specimens by assuming the species as “Pisodonophis boro” (rice-paddy eel) and conducted the length and weight relationship by using digital callipers and a measuring tape.

iAfter thorough examination, the specimens of “Pisodonophiskalinga” were found to be very distinct from “Pisodonophisboro” in several aspects like teeth shape, vertebrae range, position of dorsal fin, among others.
ii. DNA analysis of samples collected from different localities with various morphs confirmed the two species were related. One was expected to be Pisodonophisboro, and the other was the newPisodonophis kalinga.
Features of Pisodonophis kalinga:
iThe found specimen of Pisodonophiskalinga has a strong elongated body (30 inches long) with irregular patches of teeth.
ii. The dorsal side of the body of new species is dark olive-brown, ventrally pale white and both the colours meet at the lateral side. The dorsal and anal fins have black bases and margins.
iiiP. kalinga have a higher range of vertebrae and fin ray count: 170–173 vertebrae, 374–400 dorsal fin rays, and 248–269 anal fin rays.
iv. It is abundantly found in the region during the monsoon season from September to November.
Total Species:
There are now a total of three species of Pisodonophis in India, following the discovery of the new species.

  • The eels from the family Ophichthidae have at least 359 valid species within two subfamilies, the Myrophinae (71) and the Orphichthine (288 species), across the world.

Men’s Hockey Junior Asia Cup 2023 in Oman: India won the title defeating Pakistan

On 1st June 2023, India won the Dhofar Municipality Men’s Junior Asia Cup 2023 defeating Pakistan in the finals held in Sultan Qaboos Youth Complex Stadium in Salalah, Oman. This marks India’s 4th Men’s Junior Asia Cup title.

  • The tournament organised by the Asian Hockey Federation and hosted by Oman Hockey Association was held from 23rd May 2023 to 1st June 2023 in Salalah, Oman.
  • Uttam Singh, Captain of Indian Team, was awarded the Player of the Match(finals).
  • With this win India became the most successful team with maximum titles(4). India has previously won the title in 2004, 2008 and 2015. Pakistan is the 2nd most successful team with 3 titles (1988, 1992 & 1996).

The Men’s Hockey Junior Asia Cup is a men’s international under-21 event. The tournament, held since 1988, serves as a qualification tournament for the Men’s  International Hockey Federation (FIH) Hockey Junior World Cup.
Note: The Hockey India Executive Board announced a cash award of Rs 2 lakh each for the players as the team qualified for the FIH Men’s Junior World Cup in Malaysia

Ghanaian writer and feminist Ama Ata Aidoo dies at 81

Ama Ata AidooGhanaian author, poet and playwright famous for her feminist ideals, passed away at the age of 81 in Ghana, a country of western Africa. She was born in 1942 in Abeadzi Kyiakor, Gold Coast (now Ghana).

  • She published her first play “The  Dilemma of a Ghost” in 1965 and became the first African woman to publish a play.
  • She served as the education minister of Ghana from 1982 to 1983.
  • She won the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize for Best African Book in 1992 for her novel “Changes: A Love Story”

Her Noted Works includes Anowa, Our Sister Killjoy, and Search Sweet Country.

International Sex Workers’ Day 2023 – June 2 International Sex Workers Day, also known as International Whores Day,  is annually observed across the globe on 2nd June to honours the sex workers who are the victims of cruelty and violence and acknowledge them as valuable contributors to society.

  • The day also provides a platform to recognises the exploited working conditions of these sex workers.

Every year,  International Sex Workers’ Day is commemorated by NSWP (global Netwrok of Sex Work Projets) with focuses on the theme “Access to Justice”
i.On 2 June 1975, more than 100 sex workers occupied the Saint Nizier Church in Lyon, France and protested against the of sex work and expressed their anger about their exploitative living conditions.

  • They also launched a media campaign to express their grievances to the world.

ii.Since 1975, the 2nd June of every year is commemorated as the International Sex Workers Day.

Cabinet of Maharashtra Approved Initiatives to Benefit Farmers of the StateOn May 31, 2023, the state Cabinet of Maharashtra chaired by the Chief Minister (CM) Eknath Shinde has approved the following initiatives which were announced earlier in the state budget 2023-24 in March 2023.
a.Crop Inusrance Scheme under Re 1: The cabinet has approved the decision to enable the farmers in Maharashtra to opt for the crop insurance scheme by paying Re 1, with the state funding their share of a 2% premium.

  • The cabinet also approved a model that will cap the profit of insurance companies.

b.Approved Scheme  ‘Namo Shetkari Mahasanman Yojana’:
i.The state cabinet has approved new financial scheme named ‘Namo Shetkari Mahasanman Yojana’.
ii.BenefitUnder the scheme, more than one crore farmers in the state will be paid Rs 6,000 annually.
iii.As per the statement of CM Eknath Shinde, the amount was in addition to Rs 6,000 paid to farmers in instalments per year by the Centre under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana.

  • As a result, a sum of Rs 12,000 will be deposited in the account of each farmer of the state every year. Thus the state’s grant will be paid in three instalments of Rs 2,000 each.

iv.The scheme was announced by Devendra Fadnavis, Deputy Chief Minister, who is also the state’s finance minister, in the 2023-24 state budget.

  • The state had proposed a budgetary outlay of Rs 6,900 crore for the scheme for 2023-24.

c.Natural Farming: To promote natural farming, the cabinet also approved the decision to bring an area of 25 lakh hectares in the state under organic farming in the next three years.

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