Global warming has become one of the most pressing environmental issues of our time, with the average global temperature rising 1.1°C since the pre-industrial era and the polar ice caps melting at an alarming rate. There are many causes of global warming, including human activities, such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation and industrial production, as well as natural atmospheric processes.
The consequences of global warming can be felt around the globe, with wildlife and marine ecosystems being particularly affected. As temperatures rise, ocean levels also increase, leading to coastal erosion. Many of the islands are already sinking and many more will be sinking in the coming days.
Furthermore, extreme weather events such as floods, hurricanes and heat waves are becoming more frequent, leading to destruction of property and displacement of people.
We are already living with the consequences of global warming and if we want to protect our planet and our future, we must start tackling this problem urgently. We must reduce our consumption of fossil fuels, improve energy efficiency, and switch to renewable energy sources like wind and solar. We must also take measures to protect our coastal areas, plant more trees for carbon sequestration, and invest in climate-rescue activities.
Proper and prudent steps taken now to reduce global warming would not only save humans but also the vibrant flora and fauna on the planet. Planting trees, reducing wastage, proper disposal of industrial gases would help in reducing the temperatures. Many more cold countries are now coming under the category of hot climatic zones.
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